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Decision Trees Using Synchronized Phasor Measurements for Wide-Area Response-Based Control

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2 Author(s)
Qun Gao ; Midwest Independent Transmission System Operator (MISO), Carmel, IN, USA ; Steven M. Rovnyak

This paper proposes using phasor measurement unit (PMU) data to trigger one-shot control in response to loss of synchronism detection. Decision trees (DTs) are trained to associate voltage magnitude and angle measurements with loss of synchronism. Different approaches to the DT construction process are illustrated in an early section of the paper by restricting the input vector to only two elements. Response-based control is obtained by triggering one-shot control the first time the DT classifies measurements as “Unstable”. The same combination of one-shot controls is applied to any event the first time the DT outputs “Unstable”. The method is demonstrated on a 176-bus reduced-order model of the western U.S. interconnection. An effective one-shot control consists of a combination of fast power changes on four buses. This control is similar to 500-MW fast power increases on two HVDC interties and it reduces angle differences in the AC network.

Published in:

IEEE Transactions on Power Systems  (Volume:26 ,  Issue: 2 )