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Improved Methods for Spectral Calibration of On-Orbit Imaging Spectrometers

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4 Author(s)
Tianxing Wang ; State Key Laboratory of Remote Sensing Science, School of Geography, Beijing Normal University> , Beijing, China ; Guangjian Yan ; Huazhong Ren ; Xihan Mu

Accurate radiometric and spectral calibrations of hyperspectral remote sensing instruments are essential for optimum data processing and exploitation. Two improved methods for the refinement of the spectral calibration of air- and spaceborne imaging spectrometers are presented in this paper. Both spectral channel position and width can be retrieved by modeling the atmospheric absorption features around 760, 940, 1140, and 2060 nm without making use of external atmospheric or surface parameters. A sensitivity analysis based on synthetic data demonstrated that, for each of the two methods, the root-mean-square errors to be expected were less than 0.18 nm for the retrieval of channel wavelength center and less than 0.8 nm for channel full-width at half-maximum. The application of the proposed methods to a real Hyperion data set showed quite-similar cross-track variations in the spectral calibration for the two methods, although relatively large differences in magnitude were found near the 940- and 1140-nm H2O absorption features. The significant improvement of the reflectance spectra derived after the refinement of the instrument spectral calibration confirms the good performance of the proposed methods.

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IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing  (Volume:48 ,  Issue: 11 )