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This paper presents an efficient error concealment algorithm for video bitstream over error-prone channel suffering from damage. Moreover, hardware architecture design and chip implementation of the proposed error concealment algorithm are also presented. For spatial error concealment, a mode selection algorithm considering the reuse of intra mode information embedded in bitstream is developed for the adaptation of bilinear and directional interpolation. It suffers only 0.08 dB video quality drop in average but the speedup measured on a general purpose processor is up to 40 times compared with the conventional methods. It is also more suitable for low cost hardware design. For temporal error concealment, the decoded motion vectors of the neighboring blocks of the corrupted macroblock are reused to provide hints to estimate the motion vector of the corrupted macroblock. Moreover, for real-time applications, a data and computational results reuse scheme of motion vector estimation is proposed and 96% computation and memory bandwidth can be reduced compared with the conventional methods with 0.18 dB quality drop in average. With the UMC 90 nm 1P9M process, the proposed error concealment engine can process HDTV1080P 30 frames per second video data and the power consumption is 15.77 mW at 125 MHz operation frequency.
Circuits and Systems for Video Technology, IEEE Transactions on (Volume:20 , Issue: 11 )
Date of Publication: Nov. 2010