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Scratch drive actuator with mechanical links for self-assembly of three-dimensional MEMS

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3 Author(s)
Akiyama, T. ; Inst. of Ind. Sci., Tokyo Univ., Japan ; Collard, D. ; Fujita, H.

The self-assembling of three-dimensional (3-D) MEMS from polysilicon surface micromachined part is very attractive. To avoid risky external manipulation, the practical use of integrated actuator to perform the assembling task is required. To that goal, this paper presents detailed characteristics of the electrostatic surface micromachined scratch drive actuator (SDA). First, from numerous SDA tests, it is shown that this actuator is able to produce a threshold force of 30 μN, with a yield above 60%. With polysilicon devices consisting of SDA mechanically linked to buckling beam, a horizontal force of 63 mN has been demonstrated with ±112 V pulse, and up to 100 μN can be obtained with higher voltage. With buckling beams, displacements up to 150 μm have been obtained in the vertical direction. The generation of vertical force of 10 μN was confirmed with a 100 μm displacement producing 1 nJ work in the vertical direction. Finally, SDA overcomes the usual sticking of surface machined polysilicon by producing enough vertical force to completely release wide polysilicon plate (500 μm×50 μm) without external manipulation. The above characteristic, both in terms of structure releasing and vertical/horizontal forces and displacements provides the SDA with the capability of self-assembling complex 3-D polysilicon part, opening new integration capabilities and new application field of MEMS

Published in:

Microelectromechanical Systems, Journal of  (Volume:6 ,  Issue: 1 )