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Properties and performance of a center/surround retinex

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3 Author(s)
Jobson, D.J. ; NASA Langley Res. Center, Hampton, VA, USA ; Rahman, Z.-u. ; Woodell, G.A.

The last version of Land's (1986) retinex model for human vision's lightness and color constancy has been implemented and tested in image processing experiments. Previous research has established the mathematical foundations of Land's retinex but has not subjected his lightness theory to extensive image processing experiments. We have sought to define a practical implementation of the retinex without particular concern for its validity as a model for human lightness and color perception. We describe the trade-off between rendition and dynamic range compression that is governed by the surround space constant. Further, unlike previous results, we find that the placement of the logarithmic function is important and produces best results when placed after the surround formation. Also unlike previous results, we find the best rendition for a “canonical” gain/offset applied after the retinex operation. Various functional forms for the retinex surround are evaluated, and a Gaussian form is found to perform better than the inverse square suggested by Land. Images that violate the gray world assumptions (implicit to this retinex) are investigated to provide insight into cases where this retinex fails to produce a good rendition

Published in:

Image Processing, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:6 ,  Issue: 3 )

Date of Publication:

Mar 1997

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