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A Time Efficient Optical Model for GATE Simulation of a LYSO Scintillation Matrix Used in PET Applications

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7 Author(s)
Daniel A. B. Bonifacio ; Institute of Physics, University of Sao Paulo, Nuclear and Energy Research Institute-Ipen/CNEN/SP, Brazil ; Nicola Belcari ; Sascha Moehrs ; Mauricio Moralles
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A time efficient optical model is proposed for GATE simulation of a LYSO scintillation matrix coupled to a photomultiplier. The purpose is to avoid the excessively long computation time when activating the optical processes in GATE. The usefulness of the model is demonstrated by comparing the simulated and experimental energy spectra obtained with the dual planar head equipment for dosimetry with a positron emission tomograph (DoPET). The procedure to apply the model is divided in two steps. Firstly, a simplified simulation of a single crystal element of DoPET is used to fit an analytic function that models the optical attenuation inside the crystal. In a second step, the model is employed to calculate the influence of this attenuation in the energy registered by the tomograph. The use of the proposed optical model is around three orders of magnitude faster than a GATE simulation with optical processes enabled. A good agreement was found between the experimental and simulated data using the optical model. The results indicate that optical interactions inside the crystal elements play an important role on the energy resolution and induce a considerable degradation of the spectra information acquired by DoPET. Finally, the same approach employed by the proposed optical model could be useful to simulate a scintillation matrix coupled to a photomultiplier using single or dual readout scheme.

Published in:

IEEE Transactions on Nuclear Science  (Volume:57 ,  Issue: 5 )