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A Scalable VLSI Architecture for Soft-Input Soft-Output Single Tree-Search Sphere Decoding

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5 Author(s)
Ernst Martin Witte ; Institute for Integrated Signal Processing Systems, RWTH Aachen University, Aachen, Germany ; Filippo Borlenghi ; Gerd Ascheid ; Rainer Leupers
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Multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) wireless transmission imposes huge challenges on the design of efficient hardware architectures for iterative receivers. A major challenge is soft-input soft-output (SISO) MIMO demapping, often approached by sphere decoding (SD). In this brief, we introduce-to our best knowledge-the first VLSI architecture for SISO SD applying a single tree-search approach. Compared with a soft-output-only base architecture similar to the one proposed by Studer in IEEE J-SAC 2008, the architectural modifications for soft input still allow a one-node-per-cycle execution. For a 4×4 antennas system using quadrature amplitude modulation (QAM) with order 16, the area increases by 57%, and the operating frequency degrades by 34% only.

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IEEE Transactions on Circuits and Systems II: Express Briefs  (Volume:57 ,  Issue: 9 )