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This paper reports on the temperature-dependent electrical resistivity and piezoresistive characteristics of boron-doped ultrananocyrstalline diamond (UNCD) and the fabrication of piezoresistive microcantilevers using boron-doped and undoped UNCD. The devices consist of 1-μm-thick doped UNCD on either 1- or 2-μm-thick undoped UNCD. The electrical resistivity of doped UNCD is 0.1 Ω · cm at room temperature, which is five orders of magnitude smaller than the electrical resistivity of undoped UNCD. Over the temperature range of 25°C-200vC, the doped UNCD has a temperature coefficient of electrical resistance of (-1.4 × 10-3) per °C. The doped UNCD exhibits a significant piezoresistive effect with a gauge factor of 7.53 ± 0.32 and a piezoresistive coefficient of 8.12 × 10-12 Pa-1 at room temperature. The piezoresistive properties of UNCD are constant over the temperature range of 25°C-200°C. Microcantilevers having a length of 300 μm have a deflection sensitivity of 0.186 mΩ/Ω per micrometer of cantilever end deflection. These measurements of electrical and piezoresistive properties of doped UNCD could aid the design of future diamond microsystems.
Date of Publication: Oct. 2010