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Flexible ac transmission system (FACTS) devices or their subderivative custom power devices are efficient and often used and recommended power-electronics-based devices for mitigation of voltage sags in electrical power system. With FACTS devices installed, the overall system (and individual bus) sag performance could significantly change depending on the type of the device used. In order to assess this change in sag performance in realistic large power systems, the classical (essentially static) fault calculation procedure should be amended to incorporate the effects of these devices on bus voltages. This paper presents a new approach of quasistatic sag analysis using a system impedance (Z _bus) matrix that incorporates FACTS devices. Three types of FACTS devices which are most often used in practical applications are considered in this study: static compensator, static var compensator, and the dynamic voltage restorer. The case studies based on the 295-bus generic distribution system are used to illustrate the modeling method and the effectiveness of these devices in sag mitigation.
Date of Publication: Oct. 2010