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Composite Nano-Antenna Integrated With Quantum Cascade Laser

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5 Author(s)
Dey, D. ; Dept. of Electr. Eng. & Comput. Sci., Northwestern Univ., Evanston, IL, USA ; Kohoutek, J. ; Gelfand, R.M. ; Bonakdar, A.
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Exploiting optical nano-antennas to boost the near-field confinement within a small volume can increase the limit of molecular detection by an order of magnitude. We present a novel antenna design based on Au-SiO2-Au single nanorod integrated on the facet of a quantum cascade laser operating in the midinfrared region of the optical spectrum. Finite-difference time-domain simulations showed that for sandwiched dielectric thicknesses within the range of 20-30 nm, peak optical intensity at the top of the antenna ends is 500 times greater than the incident field intensity. The device was fabricated using focused ion beam milling. Apertureless midinfrared near-field scanning optical microscopy showed that the device can generate a spatially confined spot within a nanometric size about 12 times smaller than the operating wavelength. Such high intensity, hot spot locations can be used in increasing photon interaction with bio-molecules for sensing applications.

Published in:

Photonics Technology Letters, IEEE  (Volume:22 ,  Issue: 21 )