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Wireless sensor networks are an important research area that has attracted a lot of attention in the past few years. Most of this attention, however, has focused on wireless sensor network collect scalar data such as temperature and vibration. Scalar data is insufficient for many applications such as video surveillance and traffic monitoring. Whereas, camera sensors collect video data, which are rich in information and offer tremendous potential when used in wireless sensor networks. Video sensor networks continue to gain increase interest due to their ability to collect video information for a wide range of applications in recent years. However, knowledge about these types of networks is mostly related to visual algorithms, leaving the issues such as the coverage of video sensor network and the transmission of video data aside. In this paper, we first highlight the issues and opportunities of video sensor network. And then we discuss key research issue on video sensor network, specifically camera coverage problem, network architecture, and low-power video data processing and communication. Finally, we identify enabling approaches in this area.