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A Quasi-Planar Conical Antenna With Broad Bandwidth and Omnidirectional Pattern for Ultrawideband Radar Sensor Network Applications

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4 Author(s)
Huiqing Zhai ; Univ. of Texas at Arlington, Arlington, TX, USA ; Tjuatja, S. ; Bredow, J.W. ; Mingyu Lu

A quasi-planar conical antenna with broad bandwidth (more than 10:1) and omnidirectional radiation pattern has been designed. In order to achieve mechanical stability, conical radiator is realized through thin metallic coating over a cavity etched into a dielectric slab. Due to dielectric loading, the conical antenna in this paper is quasi-planar, low-cost, light, mechanically robust, and easy to fabricate, integrate, and re-configure. A simulation tool based on the Method of Moments is developed to analyze the quasi-planar antenna. With simulation results as the guideline, the dielectric loading's material and geometries are optimized to attain wideband input impedance and omnidirectional radiation pattern. Three antenna prototypes are fabricated by using high density polyurethane foam as the dielectric loading material. Simulation and measurement data show excellent agreements. Input impedance bandwidths of all the three prototypes are greater than 10:1; and all of them show omnidirectional patterns in the azimuth plane. These quasi-planar conical antennas can be readily applied to ultrawideband communication and radar applications. In this paper, an ultrawideband radar sensor network testbed is constructed using one of the three prototype designs. Target localization is successfully demonstrated by five radar nodes with the aid of grid based location estimation algorithm.

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Antennas and Propagation, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:58 ,  Issue: 11 )