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Adaptive correction of the excitation coefficients of a phased array achieved through dithering the magnitudes and phases of the element coefficients and sensing the fields through a near-zone probe is demonstrated by considering a linear array. Knowledge of the reference signal generated by the desired array at the near-zone probe is assumed. Deviations in the coefficients of the actual array from the desired array are corrected adaptively and simultaneously by means of a gradient based algorithm. Requirements for the algorithm to converge, its performance with and without a receiver noise and the effect of the dither parameters are studied. The effect of element mutual coupling on the performance of the array is also demonstrated by considering an array of half-wave dipoles.
Date of Publication: Nov. 2010