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Spatial feedback effects in narrow-stripe index-guided semiconductor lasers

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3 Author(s)
Marciante, J.R. ; Inst. of Opt., Rochester Univ., NY, USA ; van Tartwijk, G.H.M. ; Agrawal, G.P.

We demonstrate experimentally that spatial effects of feedback are important in determining the operating characteristics of index-guided semiconductor lasers. It is in fact the inflexibility of the index-guided mode that makes the laser susceptible to small misalignments of the external cavity, which can induce power variations of nearly 40% of the solitary laser power with feedback levels of less than 2%.(-17 dB). With a simple model, we calculate the modification of the feedback wavefront as a function of the external cavity length and show that the power variations are induced through changes in the cavity loss brought on by the interference of the feedback field with the field reflected off the laser facet. By experimental comparison to a partly gain-guided laser, we conclude that these large-scale variations will be significantly reduced or absent in purely gain-guided lasers

Published in:

Quantum Electronics, IEEE Journal of  (Volume:33 ,  Issue: 3 )