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The major difficulty in the design of closed-loop control during anaesthesia is the inherent patient variability due to differences in demographic and drug tolerance. These discrepancies are translated into the pharmacokinetics (PK), and pharmacodynamics (PD). These uncertainties may affect the stability of the closed loop control system. This paper aims at developing predictive controllers using Internal Model Control technique. This study develops patient dose-response models and to provide an adequate drug administration regimen for the anaesthesia to avoid under or over dosing of the patients. The controllers are designed to compensate for patients inherent drug response variability, to achieve the best output disturbance rejection, and to maintain optimal set point response. The results are evaluated compared with traditional PID controller and the performance is confirmed in our simulation.
Date of Conference: 13-15 July 2010