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Elastic systems provide tolerance to the variations in computation and communication delays. The incorporation of elasticity opens new opportunities for optimization using new correct-by-construction transformations that cannot be applied to rigid non-elastic systems. The basics of synchronous and asynchronous elastic systems will be reviewed. A set of behavior-preserving transformations will be presented: retiming, recycling, early evaluation, variable-latency units and speculative execution. The application of these transformations for performance and power optimization will be discussed. Finally, a novel framework for microarchitectural exploration will be introduced, showing that the optimal pipelining of a circuit can be automatically obtained by using the previous transformations.
Date of Conference: 26-28 July 2010