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Over the past several decades there has been growing interest in the development of devices for optical wavelength conversion. In Raman converters, a long-wavelength Stokes input is in the presence of a pump transformed into a short-wavelength anti-Stokes output via a Raman-resonant third-order nonlinear process called coherent anti-Stokes Raman scattering (CARS). In Kerr-based parametric converters, a signal input is in the presence of a pump converted to an idler output via the third-order nonlinear process of non-resonant four-wave-mixing (FWM). Both types of conversion can occur in silicon waveguides, and as such have great potential for application in optical communication systems.