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Zero-Forcing DFE Transceiver Design Over Slowly Time-Varying MIMO Channels Using ST-GTD

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2 Author(s)
Chih-Hao Liu ; California Inst. of Technol. (Caltech), Pasadena, CA, USA ; Vaidyanathan, P.P.

This paper considers the optimization of transceivers with decision feedback equalizers (DFE) for slowly time-varying memoryless multi-input multi-output (MIMO) channels. The data vectors are grouped into space-time blocks (ST-blocks) for the spatial and temporal precoding to take advantage of the diversity offered by time-varying channels. The space-time generalized triangular decomposition (ST-GTD) is proposed for application in time-varying channels. Under the assumption that the instantaneous channel state information at the transmitter (CSIT) and receiver (CSIR), and the channel prediction are available, we also propose the space-time geometric mean decomposition (ST-GMD) system based on ST-GTD. Under perfect channel prediction, the system minimizes both the arithmetic MSE at the feedback detector, and the average un-coded bit error rate (BER) in moderate high signal to noise ratio (SNR) region. For practical applications, a novel ST-GTD based system which does not require channel prediction but shares the same asymptotic BER performance with the ST-GMD system is also proposed. At the moderate high SNR region, our analysis and numerical results show that all the proposed systems have better BER performance than the conventional GMD-based systems over time-varying channels; the average BERs of the proposed systems are non-increasing functions of the ST-block size.

Published in:

Signal Processing, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:58 ,  Issue: 11 )