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Long-Period Grating Fiber Sensor With In Situ Optical Source for Remote Sensing

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6 Author(s)
Viegas, D. ; Porto-Optoelectron. & Electron. Syst. Unit, INESC, Porto, Portugal ; Carvalho, J.P. ; Coelho, L. ; Santos, J.L.
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A concept of long-period-based optical fiber sensors, with broadband light illumination generated just after the sensing structure, is presented in this work. This new approach allows the interrogation in transmission of the sensing head while integrated in a reflective configuration, which means the long-period grating (LPG) sensor is seen in transmission by the optical source but in reflection by the measurement system. Also, it is shown that with this illumination layout the optical power balance is more favorable when compared with the standard configurations, allowing better sensor performances, particularly when the sensing head is located far away from the photodetection and processing unit. This is demonstrated for the case of the LPG structure applied to measure strain and using ratiometric interrogation based on the readout of the optical power reflected by two fiber Bragg gratings spectrally located in each side of the LPG resonance.

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Photonics Technology Letters, IEEE  (Volume:22 ,  Issue: 20 )