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On-line adaptive learning of the continuous density hidden Markov model based on approximate recursive Bayes estimate

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2 Author(s)
Qiang Huo ; ATR Interpreting Telephony Res. Labs., Kyoto, Japan ; Chin-Hui Lee

We present a framework of quasi-Bayes (QB) learning of the parameters of the continuous density hidden Markov model (CDHMM) with Gaussian mixture state observation densities. The QB formulation is based on the theory of recursive Bayesian inference. The QB algorithm is designed to incrementally update the hyperparameters of the approximate posterior distribution and the CDHMM parameters simultaneously. By further introducing a simple forgetting mechanism to adjust the contribution of previously observed sample utterances, the algorithm is adaptive in nature and capable of performing an online adaptive learning using only the current sample utterance. It can, thus, be used to cope with the time-varying nature of some acoustic and environmental variabilities, including mismatches caused by changing speakers, channels, and transducers. As an example, the QB learning framework is applied to on-line speaker adaptation and its viability is confirmed in a series of comparative experiments using a 26-letter English alphabet vocabulary

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Speech and Audio Processing, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:5 ,  Issue: 2 )