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A UTD propagation model in urban microcellular environments

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4 Author(s)
Kanatas, A.G. ; Dept. of Electr. & Comput. Eng., Nat. Tech. Univ. of Athens, Greece ; Kountouris, I.D. ; Kostaras, G.B. ; Constantinou, Philip

This paper presents a three-dimensional (3-D) propagation model for path-loss prediction in a typical urban site, based on geometrical optics (GO) and uniform theory of diffraction (UTD). The model takes into account numerous rays that undergo reflections from the ground and wall surfaces and diffraction from the corners or rooftops of buildings. The exact location of the reflection and diffraction points is essential in order to calculate the polarization components of the reflected and diffracted fields and their trajectories. This is accomplished by local ray-fixed coordinate systems in combination with appropriate dyadic reflection and diffraction coefficients. Finally, a vector addition of the received fields is carried out to obtain the total received field strength and, subsequently, the path loss along a predetermined route. The model computes the contributions of various categories of rays, as selected, in a flexible manner. Several results-path loss versus distance and power-delay profile-are given, and comparisons with measured data are presented

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Vehicular Technology, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:46 ,  Issue: 1 )