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A Cluster-Analysis-Based Efficient Multibaseline Phase-Unwrapping Algorithm

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3 Author(s)
Hanwen Yu ; National Laboratory of Radar Signal Processing, Xidian University, Xi'an, China ; Zhenfang Li ; Zheng Bao

Multibaseline phase unwrapping is a critical processing procedure of multibaseline synthetic aperture radar interferometry (InSAR). It has an advantage over single-baseline phase unwrapping in discontinuous-terrain-height estimation. In this paper, the pixels' combination information of multiple InSAR interferograms with different baseline lengths is deeply investigated, and the term ambiguity vector is proposed to represent a pixel's ambiguity number of multiple interferograms. It is also revealed that pixels with the same ambiguity vector have an exclusive pattern among them. A fast cluster-analysis (CA)-based method is proposed for multibaseline phase unwrapping. In this method, all pixels are first clustered into different groups according to their patterns, and then, information of the cluster center is used to unwrap the phases of pixels group by group. Simulation results are shown to verify the effectiveness, efficiency, and noise robustness of CA multibaseline phase-unwrapping method.

Published in:

IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing  (Volume:49 ,  Issue: 1 )