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An urban transit system usually consists of several modes, including busses, streetcars, a subway, and light rail. Unfortunately, coordination among different modes remains a challenging problem. Difficulties arise when modifying the transit network structure on a strategic level or when synchronizing timetables on a tactical level. Traditional transit network design and timetabling intend to solve a network-optimization problem based on static origin-destination (OD) information, with passenger assignment as a subproblem. In this paper, we propose an artificial urban transit system (AUTS) based on agent-based modeling and simulation. With AUTS, which is a special type of artificial transportation system (ATS), we are able to dynamically model the passenger's behavior and route choice and use the system to predict transit demand on a simplified transit network. The AUTS has the following important potential applications: forecasting transit flow; setting key parameters for urban transit networks - such as service frequencies and the capacity of subway trains - evaluating alternative modifications to subway rail and bus routes; and predicting the impact of special/emergency events to the transit network. We create a demonstration system of the Beijing transit network and present its applications in experiments.
Intelligent Transportation Systems, IEEE Transactions on (Volume:12 , Issue: 2 )
Date of Publication: June 2011