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A new rate control scheme using quadratic rate distortion model

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2 Author(s)
Tihao Chiang ; David Sarnoff Res. Center, Princeton, NJ, USA ; Ya-Qin Zhang

A new rate control scheme is used to calculate the target bit rate for each frame based on a quadratic formulation of the rate distortion function. The distortion measure is assumed to be the average quantization scale of a frame. The rate distortion function is modeled as a second-order function of the inverse of the distortion measure. We present a closed form solution for the target bit allocation which includes the MPEG-2 TM5 rate control scheme as a special case. The model parameters are estimated using statistical linear regression analysis. Since the estimation uses the past encoded frames of the same picture prediction type (I, P, B pictures), the proposed approach is a single pass rate control technique. Because of the improved accuracy of the rate distortion function, the fluctuations of the bit counts are significantly reduced by 20-65% in the standard deviation of the bit count while the picture quality remains the same. Thus, the buffer requirement is reduced at a small increase in complexity. This technique has been adopted by the MPEG committee as part of VM5.0 in November 1996

Published in:

Circuits and Systems for Video Technology, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:7 ,  Issue: 1 )

Date of Publication:

Feb 1997

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