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High-performance VLSI architecture for the Viterbi algorithm

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5 Author(s)
M. Boo ; Dept. of Electron., Santiago de Compostela Univ., Spain ; F. Arguello ; J. D. Bruguera ; R. Doallo
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The Viterbi (1967) algorithm (VA) is known to be an efficient method for the realization of maximum-likelihood (ML) decoding of convolutional codes. The VA is characterized by a graph, called a trellis, which defines the transitions between states. To define an area efficient architecture for the VA is equivalent to obtaining an efficient mapping of the trellis. We present a methodology that permits the efficient hardware mapping of the VA onto a processor network of arbitrary size. This formal model is employed for the partitioning of the computations among an arbitrary number of processors in such a way that the data are recirculated, optimizing the use of the PEs and the communications. Therefore, the algorithm is mapped onto a column of processing elements and an optimal design solution is obtained for a particular set of area and/or speed constraints. Furthermore, the management of the surviving path memory for its mapping and distribution among the processors was studied. As a result, we obtain a regular and modular design appropriate for its VLSI implementation in which the only necessary communications between processors are the data recirculations between stages

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IEEE Transactions on Communications  (Volume:45 ,  Issue: 2 )