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A framework for robot motion planning with sensor constraints

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2 Author(s)
Sharma, R. ; Dept. of Comput. Sci. & Eng., Pennsylvania State Univ., University Park, PA, USA ; Sutanto, H.

Visual feedback can play a crucial role in a dynamic robotic task such as the interception of a moving target. To utilize the feedback effectively, there is a need to develop robot motion planning techniques that also take into account properties of the sensed data. We propose a motion planning framework that achieves this with the help of a space called the perceptual control manifold (PCM) defined on the product of the robot configuration space and an image-based feature space. We show how the task of intercepting a moving target can be mapped to the PCM, using image feature trajectories of the robot end-effector and the moving target. This leads to the generation of motion plans that satisfy various constraints and optimality criteria derived from the robot kinematics, the control system, and the sensing mechanism. Specific interception tasks are analyzed to illustrate this vision-based planning technique

Published in:

Robotics and Automation, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:13 ,  Issue: 1 )

Date of Publication:

Feb 1997

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