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A single closed-loop inverter drive with multiple motors connected to it is a type of drive topology commonly used in steel processing industry, electric railway systems, and electric vehicles. However, condition monitoring for this type of drive configuration remains largely unexplored. This paper proposes an impedance identification approach to detect and locate the stator turn-to-turn fault in a multiple-motor drive system. Sensitive and fast fault detection is achieved by utilizing the characteristics of current regulators in the motor controller. Experimental results show that the proposed method can reliably detect and locate the stator turn fault on two shaft-coupled 5-hp induction machines under different operating conditions and fault levels with no need of any machine parameters. Although originally developed for multiple-motor drives, the detection scheme can also be directly applied to most of the conventional closed-loop induction motor drives.