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Although cloud computing is generally recognized as a technology which will has a significant impact on IT in the future. However, Cloud computing is still in its infancy, many crucial problems need to be solved for the realization of the fine scenery which theoretically depicted by cloud computing. Load balancing is one of these problems; it plays a very important role in the realization of Open Cloud Computing Federation. We proposal a load balancing mechanism based on ant colony and complex network theory in open cloud computing federation in this paper, it improves many aspects of the related Ant Colony algorithms which proposed to realize load balancing in distributed system, Furthermore, this mechanism take the characteristic of Complex Network into consideration. Finally, the performance of this mechanism is qualitatively analyzed, and a prototype is developed to enable the quantitative analysis, simulation results manifest the analysis.