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A negative biasing experiment to test numerical calculations based on a neoclassical L-H transition model in stellarators

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2 Author(s)
E. N. Thogersen ; Torsatron/Stellarator Lab., Wisconsin Univ., Madison, WI, USA ; J. L. Shohet

Numerical calculations based on Shaing's L-H transition theory in stellarators and performed by Dahi et al. determine viscosity as a function of ion flow speed in the interchangeable module stellarator (IMS). The calculations predict local maximums in viscosity at flows corresponding to Mach numbers -2 and -10, but not elsewhere. The local peaks manifest themselves as jumps in flow speed, and as regions of high radial electric field (Er) shear. By inducting flows swept between Mach numbers ±5, an electron injection biasing probe revealed a jump at -2, but none at +2, in agreement with the numerical results. A series of flow profiles at constant bias confirmed this result. Altogether, these data agree well with the numerical calculations and provide support for Shaing's L-H transition model as applied to stellarators

Published in:

IEEE Transactions on Plasma Science  (Volume:24 ,  Issue: 6 )