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Performance analysis of dynamic finite versioning schemes: storage cost vs. obsolescence

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4 Author(s)
Merchant, A. ; Hewlett-Packard Labs., Palo Alto, CA, USA ; Kun-Lung Wu ; Yu, P.S. ; Ming-Syan Chen

Dynamic finite versioning (DFV) schemes are an effective approach to concurrent transaction and query processing, where a finite number of consistent, but maybe slightly out-of-date, logical snapshots of the database can be dynamically derived for query access. In DFV, the storage overhead for keeping additional versions of changed data to support the logical snapshots and the amount of obsolescence faced by queries are two major performance issues. We analyze the performance of DFV, with emphasis on the trade-offs between the storage cost and obsolescence. We develop analytical models based on a renewal process approximation to evaluate the performance of DFV using M⩾2 snapshots. Asymptotic closed form results for high query arrival rates are given for the case of two snapshots. Simulation is used to validate the analytical models and to evaluate the tradeoffs between various strategies for advancing snapshots when M>2. The results show that (1) the analytical models match closely with simulation; (2) storage cost and obsolescence are sensitive to the snapshot advancing strategies, and (3) usually, increasing the number of snapshots demonstrates a trade-off between storage overhead and query obsolescence. For cases with skewed accessor low update rates, a small increase in the number of snapshots beyond two can substantially reduce the obsolescence. Such a reduction in obsolescence is more significant as the coefficient of variation of the query length distribution becomes larger. Moreover, for very low update rates, a large number of snapshots can be used to reduce the obsolescence to almost zero without increasing the storage overhead

Published in:

Knowledge and Data Engineering, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:8 ,  Issue: 6 )

Date of Publication:

Dec 1996

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