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This paper proposes a multiagent-based adaptive wide-area current differential protection system. A power grid is divided into primary and backup protection zones dynamically online with the help of a developed expert system, and the relay agents of these zones cooperate to perform a differential relaying function. Predictive self-healing strategies have been proposed to prevent misoperation of the relay agent, and the communication system has been simulated. The performance of the proposed adaptive wide-area current differential protection system based on computer simulation is presented in this paper.