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Dispersive self-Q-switching in self-pulsating DFB lasers

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6 Author(s)
Sartorius, B. ; Heinrich-Hertz-Inst. fur Nachrichtentech. Berlin GmbH, Germany ; Mohrle, M. ; Reichenbacher, S. ; Preier, Horst
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Self-pulsations reproducibly achieved in newly developed lasers with two distributed feedback sections and with an additional phase tuning section are investigated. The existence of the dispersive self-Q-switching mechanism for generating the high-frequency self-pulsations is verified experimentally for the first time. This effect is clearly distinguished from other possible self-pulsation mechanisms by detecting the single-mode type of the self-pulsation and the operation of one section near the transparency current density using it as a reflector with dispersive feedback. The operating conditions for generating this self-pulsation type are analyzed. It is revealed that the required critical detuning of the Bragg wavelengths of the two DFB sections is achieved by a combination of electronic wavelength tuning and current-induced heating. The previous reproducibility problems of self-pulsations in two-section DFB lasers operated at, in principle, suited current conditions are discussed, and the essential role of an electrical phase-control section for achieving reproducible device properties is pointed out. Furthermore, it is demonstrated that phase tuning can be used for extending the self-pulsation regime and for optimizing the frequency stability of the self-pulsation. Improved performance of the devices applied as optical clocks thus can be expected

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Quantum Electronics, IEEE Journal of  (Volume:33 ,  Issue: 2 )