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Ventricular late potentials (LPs) are high-frequency low-amplitude signals obtained from signal-averaged electrocardiograms (ECGs) [SAECGs]. LPs are useful in identifying patients prone to ventricular tachycardia (VT), spontaneous or inducible during electrophysiology testing. A combination of self-organizing and supervised artificial neural network (ANN) models was developed to identify patients with a positive electrophysiology (PEP) test for inducible ventricular tachycardia from patients with a negative electrophysiology (NEP) test using LPs. We have added morphology information of vector magnitude waveform to an original set of three time-domain features of LPs, which are total QRS duration (TQRSD), high-frequency low-amplitude signal duration (HFLAD), and root-mean-square voltage (RMSV). Pattern recognition results from an ANN model with this combination feature set are superior to the results from Bayesian classification model based on conventional three time-domain features of SAECG. In order to increase the robustness of the recognition, a filtered QRS offset point is randomly shifted ±8 ms to form a fuzzy training set, which was to simulate the possible error in detecting QRS offset point of filtered SAECG. We also found that nonlinear transformation through the hidden layer of developed ANN model could increase Euclidean distance between PEP and NEP patterns.
Date of Publication: Feb. 1997