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Planar Voronoi Diagrams for Sums of Convex Functions, Smoothed Distance and Dilation

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3 Author(s)
Dickerson, M. ; Dept. of Comput. Sci., Middlebury Coll., Middlebury, VT, USA ; Eppstein, D. ; Wortman, K.A.

We study Voronoi diagrams for distance functions that add together two convex functions, each taking as its argument the difference between Cartesian coordinates of two planar points. When the functions do not grow too quickly, then the Voronoi diagram has linear complexity and can be constructed in near-linear randomized expected time. Additionally, the level sets of the distances from the sites form a family of pseudocircles in the plane, all cells in the Voronoi diagram are connected, and the set of bisectors separating any one cell in the diagram from each of the others forms an arrangement of pseudolines in the plane. We apply these results to the smoothed distance or biotope transform metric, a geometric analogue of the Jaccard distance whose Voronoi diagrams can be used to determine the dilation of a star network with a given hub. For sufficiently closely spaced points in the plane, the Voronoi diagram of smoothed distance has linear complexity and can be computed efficiently. We also experiment with a variant of Lloyd's algorithm, adapted to smoothed distance, to find uniformly spaced point samples with exponentially decreasing density around a given point.

Published in:

Voronoi Diagrams in Science and Engineering (ISVD), 2010 International Symposium on

Date of Conference:

28-30 June 2010