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A rail-to-rail, constant gain, buffered op-amp for real time video applications

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2 Author(s)
Moldovan, L. ; Dept. of Comput. Sci., Texas Tech. Univ., Lubbock, TX, USA ; Li, H.H.

Inspired by Hogervorst et al's current switch idea, a buffered output stage operational amplifier was designed, which has high frequency, high dc gain, and rail-to-rail constant transconductance (G m). This operational amplifier is the output stage of an analog/digital system which implements a Gabor convolution for real-time dynamic image processing and it is designed to interface the external analog-to-digital converter (ADC) with a very heavy load. The op amp was fabricated by the MOSIS service in a 2-μm, n-well CMOS, double polysilicon, double metal technology. The fabricated circuit operates from a single 5 V power supply and dissipates 10 mW. The open loop-gain of the fabricated circuit, Avol, was measured as 67.2 dB for a 163 Ω||33 pF load. Other dc and ac characteristics were measured for a 50 Ω||33 pF load. The unify gain-bandwidth (GBW) was measured to be 11.4 MHz, the rising slew rate (SR+) 20.4 V/μs, the falling slew rate (SR-) 18.8 V/μs, and the offset voltage (Voff) 1 mV. The output swings with an amplitude of 3.24 V between 0.88 V and 4.12 V, which matches the input signal specifications of the ADC. In addition to rail-to-rail output voltage swing, the opamp has a constant Gm over the whole common mode (CM) voltage range

Published in:

Solid-State Circuits, IEEE Journal of  (Volume:32 ,  Issue: 2 )

Date of Publication:

Feb 1997

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