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A 2.4-GHz Low-Power All-Digital Phase-Locked Loop

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4 Author(s)
Liangge Xu ; Dept. of Microand Nanosci., Aalto Univ., Espoo, Finland ; Lindfors, S. ; Stadius, K. ; Ryynanen, J.

This paper presents an all-digital phase-locked loop (ADPLL) for the 2.4-GHz ISM band frequency synthesis. The ADPLL is built around a digitally controlled LC oscillator. In the feedback path, a high-speed topology is employed for the variable phase accumulator to count full cycles of the RF output. A simple technique based on a short delay line in the reference signal path allows the time-to-digital converter core to operate at a low duty cycle with about 95% reduction of its average power consumption. To allow direct frequency modulation, the ADPLL incorporates a two-point modulation scheme with an adaptive gain calibration. Fabricated in a 65-nm CMOS, the ADPLL has an active area of 0.24 mm2. Measured phase noise at 1-MHz offset is -120 dBc/Hz with a power consumption of 12 mW, and -112 dBc with power consumption lowered to 8 mW. The integrated phase noise of the ADPLL is measured to be 1.7° rms.

Published in:

Solid-State Circuits, IEEE Journal of  (Volume:45 ,  Issue: 8 )

Date of Publication:

Aug. 2010

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