By Topic

A Fully Coupled Three-Dimensional Dynamic Model of Polymeric Membranes for Fuel Cells

Sign In

Cookies must be enabled to login.After enabling cookies , please use refresh or reload or ctrl+f5 on the browser for the login options.

Formats Non-Member Member
$33 $13
Learn how you can qualify for the best price for this item!
Become an IEEE Member or Subscribe to
IEEE Xplore for exclusive pricing!
close button

puzzle piece

IEEE membership options for an individual and IEEE Xplore subscriptions for an organization offer the most affordable access to essential journal articles, conference papers, standards, eBooks, and eLearning courses.

Learn more about:

IEEE membership

IEEE Xplore subscriptions

3 Author(s)
Piergiorgio Alotto ; Dipartimento di Ingegneria Elettrica,, Università di Padova,, Padova,, Italy ; Massimo Guarnieri ; Federico Moro

Proton exchange membrane fuel cells (PEMFCs) are very promising for both mobile and mid-power stationary applications. Their key component is the solid electrolyte, made with a ionomer membrane with thicknesses in the order of 102 μm, the proton exchange membrane (PEM) that provides proton conduction. This property relies on the hydration state of the membrane, so that water flow and proton conduction are strictly related. As the PEM conductivity relies on a hopping mechanism over barrier energy levels, conductivity is also strongly temperature dependent. This paper presents a highly nonlinear fully coupled dynamic numerical model of the membrane that includes proton conduction, water flow, heat generation and transport and hydration-dependent conductivity. The 3-D model is discretized by means of the finite element method and is used to simulate a typical laboratory PEM. The numerical model is used also for detecting hot spots associated to fluctuations of the PEM thickness.

Published in:

IEEE Transactions on Magnetics  (Volume:46 ,  Issue: 8 )