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Transmission Radius Control in Wireless Ad Hoc Networks with Smart Antennas

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3 Author(s)
Fei Huang ; Department of Electrical,Electronic Engineering, The University of Hong Kong, Pokfulam Road, Hong Kong, China ; Ka-Cheong Leung ; Victor O. K. Li

In this paper, we present a model to analyze the performance of three transmission strategies with smart antennas, i.e. directional antennas with adjustable transmission power. Generally, a larger transmission radius contributes a greater progress if a transmission is successful. However, it has a higher probability of collision with other concurrent transmissions. Smart antennas mitigate collisions with sectorized transmission ranges. They also extend the transmission radii. By modelling three transmission strategies, namely, Nearest with Forward Progress (NFP), Most Forward with Fixed Radius (MFR), and Most Forward with Variable Radius (MVR), our analysis illustrates that the use of smart antennas can greatly reduce the possibility of conflicts. The model considers the interference range and computes the interference probability for each transmission strategy. We have analyzed two Medium Access Control (MAC) protocols using our interference model, namely, the slotted ALOHA protocol and the slotted CSMA/CA-like protocol. The result shows that, for slotted ALOHA, NFP yields the best one-hop throughput, whereas MVR provides the best average forward progress. The overall performance is substantially improved with the slotted CSMA/CA-like protocol, and the network becomes more resilient.

Published in:

IEEE Transactions on Communications  (Volume:58 ,  Issue: 8 )