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Empirical Indoor-to-Outdoor Propagation Model for Residential Areas at 0.9–3.5 GHz

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2 Author(s)
Valcarce, A. ; Inst. for Res. on Applicable Comput. (IRAC), Univ. of Bedfordshire, Luton, UK ; Jie Zhang

This letter introduces analytical expressions for the modeling of path loss and shadow fading in residential indoor-to-outdoor scenarios. The formulas have been calibrated using channel power measurements at the radio frequencies of common cellular systems and are thus suitable for channel modeling in femtocell networks. The expressions presented here can be used as a simple propagation model in system-level simulators (SLS), as well as for comparison to other models. Furthermore, its compact formulation simplifies its use for theoretical studies of two-tier networks, while its empirical nature strengthens its validity.

Published in:

Antennas and Wireless Propagation Letters, IEEE  (Volume:9 )