Skip to Main Content
The limitations of minimally invasive surgery include the inability to sense forces exerted by the instruments on tissue and the limited visual cues available through the endoscope. A modular laparoscopic instrument capable of measuring force and position has been designed to address these limitations. Novel image-based position tracking software has been developed and integrated within a graphical user interface. This modular system is low cost, versatile, and could be used for training, localization of critical features or for guidance during surgical procedures.