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Coding Schemes for Noiseless and Noisy Asynchronous CDMA Systems

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2 Author(s)
Ying-Wah Wu ; U.S. ARMY CERDEC, Fort Monmouth, NJ, USA ; Shih-Chun Chang

Novel coding schemes for noiseless and noisy asynchronous code division multiple access (A-CDMA) systems are presented in this paper. The schemes use Wu-Chang spreading code, block interleaver, and synchronizable channel codes to support A-CDMA communications with random delays. For the noiseless case, each active user generates one of M messages, M = ⌊(2T-D -1)/(D + 1)⌋ , and a (T-D)-stage MLSR encoder encodes the message into a codeword of length T. Given a maximum random delay of D chips, the receiver can decode messages of all active users without ambiguity. For the noisy case, extended Bose-Caldwell cyclic codes are used to encode messages. The extended cyclic codes provide error correction and delay recovery effectively. By using a BCH code of length n as the cyclic code, the extended code can correct up to τ ≤ ⌊n/4⌋ errors and recover a maximum random delay of n -1 chips.

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Information Theory, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:56 ,  Issue: 8 )