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A Unified Hopping Model for Subthreshold Current of Phase-Change Memories in Amorphous State

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4 Author(s)
Alessandro Calderoni ; Numonyx, Advanced R&D, NVMTD-FTM, Agrate Brianza , Italy ; Massimo Ferro ; Daniele Ielmini ; Paolo Fantini

The conduction process of phase-change-memory (PCM) devices in the amorphous high-resistance state is described by a trap-limited transport model. Based on numerical simulations of the barrier lowering in a potential landscape due to localized charged states, we propose a physically based analytical hopping model accounting for the different voltage dependence of current characteristics in the low- and high-field regimes. The analytical model is able to accurately describe, with the same set of parameters, the experimental behavior of both the temperature-dependent I- V curves and the voltage-dependent activation energy for conduction. Comparison with experimental data is provided, demonstrating the physical consistency of the proposed model.

Published in:

IEEE Electron Device Letters  (Volume:31 ,  Issue: 9 )