By Topic

Numerical Simulations of Thick-Aluminum-Wire Behavior Under Megaampere-Current Drive

Sign In

Cookies must be enabled to login.After enabling cookies , please use refresh or reload or ctrl+f5 on the browser for the login options.

Formats Non-Member Member
$33 $13
Learn how you can qualify for the best price for this item!
Become an IEEE Member or Subscribe to
IEEE Xplore for exclusive pricing!
close button

puzzle piece

IEEE membership options for an individual and IEEE Xplore subscriptions for an organization offer the most affordable access to essential journal articles, conference papers, standards, eBooks, and eLearning courses.

Learn more about:

IEEE membership

IEEE Xplore subscriptions

9 Author(s)
Sergey F. Garanin ; Russian Federal Nuclear Center, All-Russian Research Institute of Experimental Physics , Sarov, Russia ; Sergey D. Kuznetsov ; Walter L. Atchison ; Robert E. Reinovsky
more authors

A series of experiments to study the behavior of thick wires (0.5-2 mm in diameter) driven by currents of about 1 MA has recently been conducted on the Zebra facility at the University of Nevada, Reno. The objective of these experiments was to study plasma formation on the surface of conductors under the influence of megagauss magnetic fields. Laser shadowgraphy, filtered optical and extreme ultraviolet photodiodes, and extreme ultraviolet spectroscopy used in the experiments provided data on radial expansion of wires and on plasma radiation. This paper focuses on numerical simulations of these experiments. Simulations with wires having diameters up to 1.6 mm demonstrated plasma formation with temperatures above 3 eV, which is in preliminary agreement with the experiment. For 2-mm-diameter wires, although plasma can be observed in the simulations, it has substantially smaller optical thickness than in the simulations of the smaller diameter wires, and the radiation fluxes prove to be much lower. This can shed light on the experimental results where the radiation of the 2-mm wires was very weak. The simulated time dependences of the wire radii agree rather well with the experimental results obtained using laser diagnostics and visible-light imaging. The experimental data of the photodiodes also agree well with the simulated time dependence of the detected radiation.

Published in:

IEEE Transactions on Plasma Science  (Volume:38 ,  Issue: 8 )