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In this paper we present a refined model of the wireless multipath channel along with a thorough analysis on the impact of spatial smoothing techniques when used for improved channel estimation. The state-of-the-art channel estimation algorithm for pilot-aided OFDM systems is robustly designed and operates without knowledge of the time-varying multipath propagation delays in the wireless channel. However, algorithms exploiting knowledge of these time-varying delay parameters can outperform the state-of-the-art solution. We demonstrate from simulations how the Unitary ESPRIT algorithm together with spatial smoothing techniques exhibit a promising potential for multipath propagation delay estimation. Furthermore, we show that the optimum smoothing parameters depend notably on the channel model assumed, specifically in terms of the dynamical behavior of the multipath delays.
Date of Conference: 23-27 May 2010