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Random testing can eliminate subjectiveness in constructing test data and increase the diversity of test data. However, one difficult problem is to construct test oracles that decide test results - test failures or successes. Assertions can be used as test oracles and are most effective when they are derived from formal specifications such as OCL constraints. Random testing, if fully automated, can reduce the cost of testing dramatically. We propose an automated testing approach for Java programs by combining random testing and OCL. The key idea of our approach is to use OCL constraints as test oracles by translating them to runtime checks written in AspectJ. We implement our approach by adapting existing frameworks for translating OCL to AspectJ and assertion-based random testing. We evaluate the effectiveness of our approach through case studies and experiments. The results are encouraging in that our approach can detect errors in both implementations and OCL constraints and provide a practical means for using OCL.
Date of Conference: 12-14 April 2010