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Low-Profile Leaky Wave Electric Monopole Loop Antenna Using the \beta =0 Regime of a Ferrite-Loaded Open Waveguide

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2 Author(s)
Kodera, T. ; Gradiate Sch. of Sci. & Eng., Yamaguchi Univ., Yamaguchi, Japan ; Caloz, C.

A novel low-profile leaky-wave electric monopole loop antenna in the regime of a composite right/left-handed (CRLH) ferrite-loaded open waveguide is presented. Despite its closed configuration, this structure supports a traveling-wave mode due to its non-reciprocity. Moreover, this mode exhibits an infinite wavelength in the regime, achieved at the transition frequency between the backward and forward CRLH bands, which leads to an electric monopole antenna field distribution when the loop is electrically small. The structure is analyzed theoretically and shown to admit, for a given loop width, different groups of discrete modes. The modes within each group converge to the unique mode of the straight waveguide when the radius of the loop becomes very large, as a consequence of the decreased curvature of the structure. A complete antenna, with a wire feed and a stub matching section, is demonstrated by both full-wave and experimental results. The omnidirectional azimuthal gain of the antenna is of -5 dBi with a co-to-cross polarization discrimination in excess of 20 dB. Removal of the ground plane would lead to a unique electric dipole loop antenna.

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Antennas and Propagation, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:58 ,  Issue: 10 )