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Impedance matching for coupled antenna arrays has received considerable attention in the research community. Because optimal matching requires implementation of a coupled network, leading to high complexity and often narrow operation bandwidth, new research has focused on the development of uncoupled matching networks with good performance. This paper explores traditional uncoupled impedance matching techniques for coupled arrays, specifically matching to the array active and passive impedances, within the context of multiple-input multiple-output communication. The concept of matching to the array active impedance is extended to the case where the propagating field is specified stochastically, and the performance of this solution is compared to that of traditional solutions using simulations. While emphasis is placed on matching for maximum power transfer, the paper concludes with a discussion on matching for minimum amplifier noise figure.
Date of Publication: Oct. 2010