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Frequency Selective Surface Using Nested Split Ring Slot Elements as a Lens With Mechanically Reconfigurable Beam Steering Capability

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2 Author(s)
Euler, M. ; Inst. of Electron., Queen''s Univ. Belfast, Belfast, UK ; Fusco, V.F.

The design is described of a double layer frequency selective surface which can produce a differential phase shift of 180° as the wave propagates through it at normal incidence. The hand of an applied circularly polarized signal is reversed due to the 180° phase shift, and it is demonstrated that the exit circularly polarized output signal can be phase advanced or phase retarded by 180° upon rotation of the elements comprising the structure. This feature allows the surface to act as a spatial phase shifter. In this paper the beam steering capabilities of a 10 × 10 array of such elements are demonstrated. Here the individual elements comprising the array are rotated relative to each other in order to generate a progressive phase shift. At normal incidence the 3 dB Axial Ratio Bandwidth for LHCP to RHCP conversion is 5.3% and the insertion loss was found to be -2.3 dB, with minimum axial ratio of 0.05 dB. This array is shown to be able to steer a beam from -40° to +40° while holding axial ratio at the pointing angle to below 4 dB. The measured radiation patterns match the theoretical calculation and full-wave simulation results.

Published in:

Antennas and Propagation, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:58 ,  Issue: 10 )

Date of Publication:

Oct. 2010

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