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Security Aware Partitioning for efficient file system search

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4 Author(s)
Parker-Wood, A. ; Storage Syst. Res. Center, Univ. of California, Santa Cruz, CA, USA ; Strong, C. ; Miller, E.L. ; Long, D.D.E.

Index partitioning techniques-where indexes are broken into multiple distinct sub-indexes-are a proven way to improve metadata search speeds and scalability for large file systems, permitting early triage of the file system. A partitioned metadata index can rule out irrelevant files and quickly focus on files that are more likely to match the search criteria. Also, in a large file system that contains many users, a user's search should not include confidential files the user doesn't have permission to view. To meet these two parallel goals, we propose a new partitioning algorithm, Security Aware Partitioning, that integrates security with the partitioning method to enable efficient and secure file system search. In order to evaluate our claim of improved efficiency, we compare the results of Security Aware Partitioning to six other partitioning methods, including implementations of the metadata partitioning algorithms of SmartStore and Spyglass, two recent systems doing partitioned search in similar environments. We propose a general set of criteria for comparing partitioning algorithms, and use them to evaluate the partitioning algorithms. Our results show that Security Aware Partitioning can provide excellent search performance at a low computational cost to build indexes, O(n). Based on metrics such as information gain, we also conclude that expensive clustering algorithms do not offer enough benefit to make them worth the additional cost in time and memory.

Published in:

Mass Storage Systems and Technologies (MSST), 2010 IEEE 26th Symposium on

Date of Conference:

3-7 May 2010