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Space time adaptive processing (STAP) is useful in radar processing to detect a target by filtering the clutter and the additive thermal noise. A derived version based on a multichannel autoregressive (M-AR) model of the clutter has the advantage of reducing the computational cost. Nevertheless, the estimation of the AR matrix parameters is a key issue because the clutter is not Gaussian in real cases. When dealing with an off-line solution, the multichannel least squares method (MLS) can be considered, but the estimation of the disturbance covariance matrix is required. In this paper, we suggest using the so-called fixed point method since it has “matrix- and texture-constant false alarm rate” property (matrix-CFAR and texture-CFAR) and it provides an unbiased and consistent estimate in a non-Gaussian case. A comparative study is then carried out between off-line M-AR based STAP methods and it points out the relevance of the solution we propose.
Date of Conference: 14-19 March 2010